HUMANISTIC AND TRANSPERSONAL PSYCHOLOGY
Many of the unbiblical trends throughout society are rooted in the development of Humanistic and Transpersonal Psychology: The "Third" and "Fourth Forces". This includes trends in the evangelical church and the government school system. In the psychology establishment, the "First Force" was considered to be Psychoanalytical Psychology. The "Second Force" was Behavioral Psychology.
THE THIRD FORCE
Humanistic Psychology has played a major role in obsessing this generation with "Self". It was developed by such men as Abraham Maslow and Carl Rogers. Exemplified by Maslow's "Hierarchy of Needs," the goal of Humanistic Psychology is "Self Actualization" and the liberation of individuals from the bonds of society and their individual psychological condition. (Humanistic Psychology should not be confused with "Humanism", although their anti-biblical results are similar.)
Carl Rogers' theory of "Self Actualization" was centered on the importance of the "Self-concept". According to Rogers the goal in life must be to achieve the "Ideal Self". Maslow said that individuals develop according to a hierarchy of needs: First the physiological needs must be satisfied (nourishment, safety, and comfort), then the psychological needs (affection and esteem), and then the need for Self-Actualization. A Self-Actualized person, according to Maslow, will exhibit spontaneity, independence, social involvement, self-acceptance, sense of humor, and a lack of hostility. He will have had what Maslow called "peak experiences", including "mystical" experiences that he calls "transient moments of Self-Actualization".
Rich Watring, a human resources development expert wrote in his book, New Age Management:
"The central concepts [of Humanistic Psychology] are personal growth and human potential. They imply that people can change by "working" on themselves. Humanistic Psychology has developed a number of different methods for self intervention which can be grouped under four headings: 1. Body Methods: Reichian therapy, Bioenergetics, re-birthing, Rolfing, Feldenkrais method, Alexander technique, sensory awareness, holistic health, etc. 2. Feeling methods: encounter, psychodrama, Gestalt awareness, primal integration, Rogerian counseling, co-counseling, etc. 3. Thinking methods: transactional analysis, personal construct approach, family therapy, neuro-linguistic programming, rational-emotive therapy, etc. 4. Spiritual methods: transpersonal counseling, psychosynthesis, enlightenment intensive workshops, dynamic meditaton, sand play, dream-work, etc."
As often happens, the "Wisdom of man" can sound good on the surface, but upon closer examination it is in direct conflict with the "Wisdom of God". One cannot reasonably derive "Self-Actualization" from reading the Bible. In fact, the Lord Jesus Christ said,
"If anyone desires to come after me, let him deny himself, and take up his cross, and follow me." (Matthew 16:24)
"For whoever desires to save his life will lose it, and whoever loses his life for my sake will find it." (Matthew 16:25)
"Most assuredly, I say to you, unless a grain of wheat falls into the ground and dies, it remains alone; but if it dies, it produces much grain." (John 12:24)
Maslow's idea of human development through the Hierarchy of Needs is the exact opposite of Jesus' Sermon on the Mount. Jesus acknowledges that it is the pagans who chase after their "felt needs": "what to eat" and "what to wear". But Jesus says,
"Seek first the Kingdom of God and his righteousness and all these things shall be added to you." (Matthew 6:33) .
In Part Two, Transpersonal Psychology will be explored along with the connection of Abraham Maslow and Carl Rogers to New Age Paganism and the Occult.